Omsk, one of the oldest Siberian cities
Omsk was founded in 1716 as a fortress at the junction point of channels of the Irtysh and the Om Rivers by Colonel Ivan Bookhgoltz, this historic fact initiated developing of Omsk - one of the oldest cities in Siberia.
At the second part of the 18th century the fortress became the largest fortification at the East of the country. Construction of Trans - Siberian railway boosted the development of the city. Railway connected Omsk with European part of Russia and its East regions. Omsk turned out to be in a very favorable position being at the crossing of trade ways.
Metal work and food processing industry began to develop in the city. Foreign companies opened their representative offices. Branch banks were opened as swell. In 20s and 30s of the 20th century Omsk was agricultural center of Siberia. Higher Institutes of Education were established and leaped forward.
In 1941-1945 over 100 enterprises of different brunches were evacuated from zone of action of the front into Omsk itself and Omsk region. Since the middle of 50s Omsk became the center of large petroleum refining and petrochemical complex. In 70s and 80s house building and industrial engineering boom stimulated manufacturing of construction materials.
At the beginning of 90s private sector appeared in the economy of the city. In 90s market infrastructure was shaped and private enterprises, banks, financial-investment companies, funds appeared. Production of Omsk enterprises entered national and world market and is in great demand now.
- In 2016 Omsk City will celebrate 300 years of history
- 572.9 sq. km – the territory of the city
- 45 km – city coast line of the Irtish river
- 40 hectares occupied by trees and plants restituting Omsk status of “garden-city”
- 1 152 000 people – the population of Omsk
- 16 000 – Siberian International Marathon participants, 50 000 – spectators audience
- 2 555 km – the distance from Moscow to Omsk
- Over 3 500 annual flights connect Omsk with districts of Russia and 500 ones with foreign countries
- New international airport “Omsk-Fedorovka” will be in operation in 2016
- 25 % of Omsk metro is already built
- 20 academic institutes, 83 public libraries
- 9 museums containing over 220 000 collection items, 8 professional theatres
- 150 restaurants and night clubs
- 6 stadiums, 370 sport halls, 10 schools of Olympic reserves
- 17 participants and champions of Olympics and World Champions
- More than 60 fairs and exhibitions held in Omsk annually
- 5 000 firms from 48 countries of the world are involved
- International Exhibition of Arms and Material “BTTB-Omsk” – one of the most significant
- Omsk petroleum chemical plants manufacture over 400 types of products